SiO2 with ferric iron impurities
Transluscent to Transparent light to med dark purple form of quartz. The purple color from small amounts of iron impurities present when the crystal was formed.
Amethyst is one of the most prized forms of quartz. Its found almost worldwide, anywhere quartz is found one is likely to find amethyst, citrine, and ametrine as well. The only difference between the three stones is temperature and pressure when the crystals are originally formed.
The name comes from "amethustos", a Greek word meaning 'not drunken' due to their belief that anyone wearing amethyst or drinking out of a cup made of amethyst could not become intoxicated.
Lore & History:
Amethyst has been prized as a gemstone for thousands of years. In ancient cultures, amethyst was worn to protect one against poisons, to keep one alert, as protection from harm during battle and to sharpen ones wits. In medieval times, amethyst was still believed to protect one against drunkeness and also thought to prevent the intoxicating effects of love! They also believed that wearing amethyst would protect soldiers from harm and bring them victory over their enemies. Hunters of the time believed carrying amethyst would enable them to easily capture wild animals.
A Greek myth tells of the origin of amethyst. It is said that Bacchus was having a lousy day and swore that the next person who crossed his path would be attacked by his pet tigers. Well, the person that came along next was a young maid on her way to the temple of Diana, her name just happened to be Amethyst. When the tigers jumped out to attack her, she send a plea to her Goddess. Diana heard the girl's plea and turned her to stone so the tigers could not harm her, once Bacchus realized what had happened he poured his wine over the stone figure of the girl as a sign of his remorse, the wine turned the stone a lovely purple color, and thus we have the birth of amethyst the stone!
Amethyst is well known as a stone that can ease compulsive/obsessive behaviour (such as desire for food, tobacco, durgs, alcohol, etc.) it calms an overactive mind, increases self esteem, and aids sleep. It is used with the Brow and Crown chakras to treat headaches, eye disorders, pituitary and pineal gland disorders, balance bloodsugar, and mental disorders.
It is claimed that keeping a piece of amethyst in your pet's water dish will keep fleas away.
Amethyst is seen as a sotne of peace, it will help one cut through illusions and see things as they truly are. Use in meditation or ritual to aid channeling abilities, enhance meditations and psychic abilities. Use to increase felings of peace and contentment. Said to helpful for those who are overstressed, overworked, and overwhelmed. Will also help ease the transition of death and eases grief.
Pisces-Aquarius-Sagittarius, February Birthstone, 4th and 6th anniversary stone
Where to Wear for best results:
Near the heart for healing